The NoSQL moniker that was coined circa 2009 marked a move from the “traditional” relational model. There were quite a few non-relational databases around prior to 2009, but in the last few years we’ve seen an explosion of new offerings (you can see,for example, the “NoSQL landscape” in a previous post I made). Generally speaking, and everything here is a wild generalization, since not all solutions are created equal and there are many types of solutions – NoSQL solutions mostly means some relaxation of ACID constraints, and, as the name implies, the removal of the “Structured Query Language” (SQL) both as a data definition language, and more importantly, as a data manipulation language, in particular SQL’s query capabilities.
ACID and SQL are a lot to lose and NoSQL solutions offer a few benefits to augment them mainly:
Scalability – either as relative scalability, … Read More »
Here’s the NoSQL landscape in 3 slides (and hey, at least mine looks different :) )
451 research published their view of the NoSql/NewSql world in a unified diagram.
Infochimps published a similar diagram
And here’s mine from SOA Patterns chapter 10 (discussing “SOA & big data”)